April-May 1943

April-May 1943  -  Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Throughout the existence of the ghetto located in Warsaw, Poland, underground organizations tried to encourage the Jews interred there to resist - spiritually (through keeping diaries and writing poetry) or physically (by fighting).  When it became clear that the final liquidation of the ghetto was to begin, the Jewish Combat Organization (ZOB) prepared to resist. 

While the inhabitants of the ghetto hid, Mordecai Anielewicz and the ZOB fought the Germans with smuggled guns and homemade grenades. The Germans anticipated the ghetto to be liquidated in three days;however, the young men and women of the ZOB held them off for one month. The Warsaw ghetto uprising was one of the largest Jewish uprisings during the Holocaust, but it was not the only uprising.  Inspired by the events in Warsaw, there were uprisings in the Bialystok and Minsk ghettos and the death camps of Treblinka and Sobibor. 

Photo: courtesy of the Photo Archives at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum