April - May 1933

April 1, 1933 – Nazi boycott of Jewish owned businesses

On April 1, 1933, the Nazis carried out the first nationwide action against Jews, a boycott targeting Jewish owned businesses. Nazi Storm Troopers (SA) stood in front of Jewish businesses intimidating and bullying non-Jewish patrons from shopping there. T he shops were painted with The Star of David and anti-Semitic slogans.

This was the beginning of anti-Semitic propaganda from the Nazi party against the Jews. One week later, The Law of the Restoration of the Civil Service was passed stating that a Jew could no longer hold a position in civil service to non-Jewish Germans or Aryans.  Many Jewish government employees, such as teachers in public schools and universities, were immediately fired.

May 10, 1933—Nazi Book Burning

Throughout Germany, Nazis and university students burned more than 25,000 books that were "non-Aryan."  Any publication that did not follow Nazi ideology or that was seen as a “threat” to Germany was burned. 

                         Photo: courtesy of the Photo Archives at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum 

Photo: courtesy of the Photo Archives at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum