June 1941

June 1941  -  Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Squad) Begins

Germany set its sights on conquering the Soviet Union (USSR) and launched an offensive attack on Eastern Europe. By doing so,         Germany violated the non-aggression pact it signed with the Soviet Union in 1939.  

Following behind the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) was a    select group of SS members, volunteer soldiers, and local police, who made up a group known as the Einsatzgruppen or "mobile killing squads." These groups rounded up the Jews, ordered them to dig a large ditch, and murdered them.

Photo: courtesy of the Photo Archives at Yad Vashem