November 1938

November 1938  -  Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass)

Undercover members of the Nazi party systematically burned and    destroyed Jewish owned homes, businesses, houses of worship and synagogues over a two day period (November 9—10). In the end,    approximately 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and there were over 90 fatalities. 


                            Photo: courtesy of the Photo Archives at Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz


Photo: courtesy of the Photo Archives at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum 

The Boerneplatz synagogue in flames during Kristallnacht. Frankfurt am Main, Germany, November 10, 1938.

As fire raged at the synagogue in Ober Ramstadt, Germany, the local fireman prevented nearby houses from burning.  These houses were owned by non-Jews, and the firemen were directed to protect fire from spreading to Aryan property during Kristallnacht.